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Edge AI based respiratory diseases recognition from Exhaled breath signatures

Show simple item record OOKO, Samson Otieno 2021-11-29T08:33:09Z 2021-11-29T08:33:09Z 2021-11-02
dc.description Master's Dissertation en_US
dc.description.abstract Every year, about 4 million people die from respiratory diseases. While early prediction would reduce this mortality rate, till now diagnosis is only done at hospitals involving costly diagnosis resources and scarce healthcare professionals. Ideally, regular noninvasive breath analysis checkups at home would allow us to anticipate medical consultation. Considering developing country’s contexts, existing commercial portable diagnosis kits under proprietary licenses are expensive and require internet connectivity to communicate with the remote server running their cloud prediction analytics. Thanks to recent advances in open source edge AI frameworks, this study presents a design of an offline portable kit locally embedding a tiny Machine Learning (TinyML) trained model to predict respiratory diseases. Evaluated on an open dataset of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), the resulting real-time requirements of our edge AI model is 15.9 Kb of ROM and 1.5 Kb RAM and performs the inference in 1 ms. In addition, the use of synthetic exhaled breath data to train an Edge AI model in cases of low datasets was also evaluated with the model performance giving accuracies similar to that based on actual datasets. Results also show that the accuracy and peak memory for the model are affected by pre-processing, type of sensors, and the number of sensors. In addition to early detection of respiratory diseases, the proposed solution will be of great value in the process of mass collection of exhaled breath data to complement synthetic data and the few breaths that are collected in healthcare facilities. This will enable the training of efficient AI models for respiratory diseases. Last but not least, the research results from this master thesis have been published in 3 IEEE scopus-indexed conferences. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher College of science and technology en_US
dc.subject Breathomics, Edge AI, Respiratory diseases en_US
dc.title Edge AI based respiratory diseases recognition from Exhaled breath signatures en_US

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