Show simple item record Umwangange, Marie Louise 2019-01-24T07:44:04Z 2019-01-24T07:44:04Z 2017
dc.description Master's Dissertation en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Malaria is among the top ten causes of morbidity and mortality in children in Rwanda. Despite the knowledge that school children got from school, the attitudes and health practice of school children towards malaria prevention are still questionable. Aim: The study aimed at describing and examining the relationship between curriculum-based malaria knowledge, attitude and practices towards malaria prevention among school children in one public school in Rwanda. Methods: Knowledge, attitude and practice and health belief models guided the study. A quantitative approach using a descriptive correlational study design was used. A stratified random sampling was used to obtain a sample of 160 school children aged 11-17 years studying in one public school. Data was collected using an instrument developed from in-depth literature in the form of a structured interview schedule with four sections namely the demographic data, level of knowledge, level of attitude and level of practice. Face to face interview was used to elicit information from the respondents. Descriptive statistics, the Pearson‘s correlation coefficient, linear regression and the Chi-square test as well as Fisher Exact test were used to analyse the data. SPSS version 21.0 was used in data analysis. Results: Forty five (28.13%) have high knowledge, 108 (67.5%) and 7 (4.38%) have moderate and low knowledge respectively. Sixty four (40%) demonstrated positive attitude and 96 (60%) have negative attitude towards malaria prevention. One hundred and nineteen (74.38%) have good practice whilst 41 (25.63%) have poor practice towards malaria prevention. The study finds a significant weak positive correlation between knowledge and attitude (r=0.162, p=0.041), and between attitude and practice (r=0.219, p=0.005); and a weak negative non-significant correlation between knowledge and practices towards malaria prevention (r=-0.010, p=0.898). Knowledge contributes only 2.6% of increase in attitude (R2=0.026). Furthermore, attitude had an impact of only 4.8% on practice (R2=0.048). Conclusion: The results predicted that as knowledge increases, attitude towards malaria also increases. Again, an increase in attitude predicted an increase in the level of practice towards malaria prevention among school children. Therefore, pediatric nurses should device and intensify individualized strategies to improve knowledge and correct attitudes, consequently good practice habits towards malaria among school children. Moreover, more contributory factors to poor attitude and practice habits should be identified. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Rwanda en_US
dc.subject Malaria--Prevention en_US
dc.subject Knowledge en_US
dc.subject Attitude en_US
dc.subject School children en_US
dc.title Relationship between curriculums based malaria knowledge, attitude and practices towards malaria prevention among school children: a study of one public school in Rwanda. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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