dc.contributor.author Uwiduhaye, Fabrice dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-19T12:57:25Z dc.date.available 2019-12-19T12:57:25Z dc.date.issued 2018-09 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/535 dc.description.abstract In civil engineering, pile foundations are essential elements in structural design in soft en_US soils. The fact that piles are driven deep into the ground thus to interact mostly with saturated soil layers, their interaction with surrounding soils remain one of the most urgently important parts of the whole structure. In this paper, the integral equation method is employed to develop a model that predicts the time-dependent behavior of an axially loaded pile embedded in a layered transversely isotropic saturated soil (TISS). Based on the fictitious pile method, the pile-soil system is decomposed into an extended saturated half-space and a fictitious pile. The extended half-space is treated as a layered TISS, while the fictitious pile is considered as a 1D bar. The fundamental solution of the layered TISS is gotten by the means of the RTM method for the layered TISS. The detailed contents of this paper consist of the following parts: 1. First, the RTM method is used to produce the elementary solutions, which corresponds to the time-dependent response of the layered TISS to a uniformly- distributed load acting vertically over a circular area with the radius equal to that of the pile. A system of partial differential equations is derived based on the governing equations of Biot’s consolidation of TISS in cylindrical coordinate system. Then, employing the Hankel transforms and the Laplace transforms with respect to the radial coordinate r and the time t, respectively, a system of ordinary differential equations is derived in the transformed domain. Solving the differential equations will result in the general solution and the transform matrix relating the state vector and the static wave vector is introduced. Later, the solution in the transformed domain to the layered TISS subjected to an external vertical force is deduced from the reflection and transmission matrices (RTMs) developed based on the wave vector transform matrix. The time domain solution to the layered TISS subjected to an external vertical force is retrieved with the use of the inverse Hankel-Laplace transform. 2. By using the fundamental solution developed for a layered TISS together with adopting the fictitious pile method due to Muki & Sternberg, the behavior of piles embedded in layered TISS is also studied in this paper. The pile-soil compatibility is accomplished by requiring that the axial strain of the fictitious pile be equal to the vertical strain of the extended layered TISS along the axis of the pile. The second kind Fredholm integral equation of the pile is then derived by using the aforementioned compatibility condition and the fundamental solution of the layered TISS. Applying the Laplace transform to the Fredholm integral equation, and solving the resulting integral equation, the transformed solution is obtained. Then the approximate time domain Fredholm integral equation of the second kind is obtained by the Schapery method. 3. Finally, employing the Fortran software, numerical results are obtained and discussed. First, an example is presented to discuss the impact of different soil parameters on the response of the layered TISS. Then, results obtained by the proposed integral equations for the pile agree with existing solutions very well, validating the proposed pile-soil interaction model. Later, using different parametric examples, a parametric study is performed to examine the influence of some parameters of the pile-soil system on its response. dc.language.iso en en_US dc.publisher Jiangsu University en_US dc.subject pile; layered transversely isotropic saturated soil (TISS); consolidation; Fredholm integral equation; fictitious pile method. en_US dc.title The interaction between piles and layered transversely isotropic saturated soil en_US dc.type Other en_US
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